The hottest experts suggest strengthening the recy

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Experts suggest strengthening the recycling of plastic lunch boxes to control white pollution

Shenzhen plans to comprehensively promote degradable plastic packaging products, completely ban disposable foamed plastic lunch boxes and plastic bags in Lhasa, 60% of disposable degradable plastic lunch boxes sold in Beijing market are unqualified, and the health indicators of degradable plastic lunch box additives used in school canteens exceed the standard Disposable foamed plastic tableware is coming back... This is a series of recent media reports on disposable foamed plastic tableware, from which it is not difficult to see the government's firm determination to completely ban disposable foamed plastic tableware and promote the use of degradable plastic tableware, while the market reaction is not based on human will. In the face of degradable tableware that lacks competitiveness in performance and price, foamed plastic tableware is rising again and again, It has become the most troublesome part of 'whitening'

in order to effectively control the worldwide problem of white pollution, the Beijing Society of Environmental Sciences organized a seminar on white pollution control countermeasures in Beijing on October 23. At the meeting, deputies to the National People's Congress listened carefully to the opinions and suggestions of many environmental protection experts from government departments, colleges and universities and business circles across the country. After discussion, the participants believed that recycling was still the best way to 'cure whiteness', and suggested that cities such as Beijing and Guangzhou, which had recycled foamed plastic tableware, could resume the application of recycling systems for all kinds of disposable plastic tableware (including foamed plastic tableware) under certain conditions and the rapid development of functional clothing and home textile industries. Deputies to the National People's Congress said they would make proposals and suggestions on this

there are many problems in the promotion of degradable tableware

the former State Economic and Trade Commission issued the first batch of catalogue of eliminating backward production capacity, processes and products (Order No. 6) in 1999, requiring China to completely ban the production of disposable foamed plastic tableware from 2001. Since then, degradable plastic tableware enterprises have sprung up. However, compared with disposable foamed plastic tableware, the tableware with reliable quality of degradable plastic as the leading material has no advantages in performance and price. Its oil resistance and strength are far inferior to disposable foamed plastic tableware. To improve the use performance and degradation performance, its production cost also increases. A degradable plastic lunch box is generally about 20 cents, while the foamed plastic tableware is only 8 cents. The market acceptance of degradable plastic tableware can be imagined

in fact, disposable foamed plastic tableware has never disappeared in the market, the market acceptance of degradable plastic tableware is lower, and the degradable plastic tableware industry itself also has serious problems. Taking advantage of the loopholes in national policies and standards, some environmental protection tableware enterprises have mass produced and sold fake and inferior environmental degradation plastic tableware with excessive calcium carbonate and recycled materials, which has further hit the market of degradation plastic tableware. In addition, the impact of degradable plastic tableware on the environment is still controversial. Many industry experts believe that the current plastic degradation technology is immature, inferior in quality and high in price, and can only be 'disintegrated', which is still harmful to the environment

foaming tableware recycling has profits

in fact, 'whitening' has a long history abroad, but in the United States, Japan and other developed countries, it is still easy to see disposable foaming plastic tableware. Of course, high-quality degradable plastic lunch boxes can also be seen in some high-end restaurants. The reason why disposable foamed plastic tableware can still be used in these developed countries is related to their strict recycling system. In view of the technical problems of degradable plastics that have not been broken through, these countries no longer advocate the use of degradable tableware

Beijing issued document No. 170 in 1997, and began the recycling of disposable foamed plastic tableware. The recovery rate was more than 60%, which solved the pollution problem caused by disposable foamed plastic tableware in Beijing to a certain extent, and the effect was remarkable. After the issuance of order No. 6, the recycling of foamed plastic tableware in Beijing also stopped

while the recycling of waste plastic tableware in Beijing stopped, Shanghai launched the "one cent project", and began to recycle and reuse disposable foamed plastic tableware on a large scale based on the principle of "who pollutes, who treats". Each waste lunch box is recycled with 1 cent and processed into recycled materials. At present, there are more than 10 plastic new material production enterprises, including Dinghao and Guanwei, supporting new material research and development laboratories and research and development centers, which can sell about 5000 yuan per ton. With the recent sharp rise in the price of plastic raw materials, the price of recycled materials has also risen. At present, Shanghai recycles more than 200million disposable foamed plastic lunch boxes every year, and the recycling rate is as high as 70%. Facts have proved that strengthening recycling is one of the effective measures to control white pollution

a total ban on production remains to be discussed.

since the production of disposable foamed tableware is only prohibited in order No. 6, and its use is not prohibited, although some cities have issued prohibition laws, most of them lack the basis for law enforcement or the punishment is not strong. Moreover, due to the immature degradation technology at this stage, the replacement products cannot keep up with the total ban on the production of foamed tableware, so foamed tableware has never disappeared in the market, There is even a tide returning trend. For example, after Beijing completely banned disposable foamed plastic tableware in 2001, there are still a large number of foamed plastic tableware in the market and no longer recycled, and the pollution is worse than that before 2000, which makes many environmentalists start to rethink whether the comprehensive "white ban" needs to be revised

after the seminar on white pollution control countermeasures, experts reached a consensus that in view of the current immature degradation technology, recycling, degradation and substitution, and reducing the amount of plastic packaging are the most feasible ways to 'control white' at present. Moreover, due to the shortage of oil resources in our country, strengthening the recycling of waste plastics is of great significance to the sustainable development of our economy. In this regard, the deputies to the National People's Congress attending the meeting said that they would reflect upward and then discuss and decide on the original 'white ban' decree to make it conform to the current actual situation and market rules. At the same time, the experts at the meeting called for the formulation of national laws and regulations on the treatment of packaging waste as soon as possible to replace simple administrative orders. At the same time, economic levers should be used to coordinate the recycling market, and finally form an operating mechanism of 'legal support, market operation, scientific management and everyone's participation', so as to thoroughly and effectively solve the environmental pollution and resource waste caused by all kinds of waste plastics

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