Experts said that there are three key points in the reform of state-owned assets this year
in 2015, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the guiding opinions on deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises. The reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises has now entered the deep water area, showing a trend of going hand in hand
with the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises entering the deep-water area, securities found that this year's reform is characterized by equal emphasis on state-owned assets reform and state-owned enterprise reform, and more emphasis on state-owned assets reform. Compared with the statement of "deepening the reform of basic key areas" in the government work report of 2017, the statement of this year's government work report is "promoting the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises", while that of 2017 is "accelerating the reform of state-owned enterprises and state-owned assets"
yesterday, Liu Xingguo, a researcher of the research department of the China Enterprise Federation, said in an interview with securities that the reform of state-owned assets belongs to a relatively macro level reform, while the reform of state-owned enterprises is more related to the micro level of enterprises. The starting point of the early state-owned enterprise reform is more emphasis on invigorating state-owned enterprises and focusing on specific and micro goals, while the current reform is more emphasis on returning to the status of investors, focusing on optimizing the investment and operation of state-owned capital to achieve the optimization, strengthening and expansion of state-owned capital. This change reflects the deepening of government departments' understanding of reform: as long as the problems of state-owned assets that hinder the development of enterprises are solved, the vitality and efficiency of state-owned enterprises will be substantially improved
Liu Xingguo believes that the plan of state-owned assets reform is the overall strategic deployment for the sustainable development of state-owned enterprises, and the reform of washing the gravel left on the screen by state-owned enterprises with water is the specific implementation of state-owned assets reform. Therefore, only by further deepening the reform of state-owned assets can we better carry out the reform of state-owned enterprises
since last year, the regulators have been pushing the reform of state-owned assets. After the State Council issued the guiding opinions on further improving the corporate governance structure of state-owned enterprises, the SASAC's plan for promoting the transformation of functions based on capital management, which was implemented in May last year, clearly stated that "the scope of supervision is defined in strict accordance with the investment relationship" and "the boundary of supervision of state-owned asset investors is scientifically defined"
this year's government work report proposed to "formulate a list of regulatory rights and responsibilities of investors". From a local perspective, the SASAC in Beijing, Chengdu and other places have also introduced the regulatory power and list of investors, and take this as a breakthrough to speed up the reform of state-owned assets regulation
Liu Xingguo said that from the perspective of the government work report and the work deployment of the SASAC, this year's state-owned assets reform will mainly focus on the following aspects: first, improve the supervision of state-owned assets, establish a list of rights and responsibilities of state-owned assets supervision, and ensure that state-owned assets supervision is neither absent nor offside; Second, further accelerate the construction of state-owned capital operation platform, deepen the structural adjustment of state-owned capital layout, and realize the flexible advance and retreat of state-owned capital; Third, summarize the pilot experience, vigorously develop the economy of low ownership with mixed import and export volume accounting for the proportion of total output, and promote the common growth of state-owned capital and non-public capital
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